Annual. Native to Africa & Asia. There are many varieties: O. basilicum is the standard green variety with white flowers. It has large, toothed, oval, pointed bright green leaves with a warm, clove-like scent. The small flowers are slightly scented. O. b. ‘Dark Opal’ has crinkled purple leaves with pale pink flowers.
Ocimum basilicum, Labiatae family
Culinary Uses: Fresh in salads, pestos & Mediterranean dishes. Leaves dry well or can be frozen.
Medicinal Uses: As a tea to aid Digestion. As a houseplant it may deter flies.
Cultural Requirements: Basil needs a warm, sunny garden, protected from wind, in well-drained soil.
Annual. Native to Africa & Asia.